- noun1. a nation occupying the whole of the Australian continent; Aboriginal tribes are thought to have migrated from southeastern Asia 20,000 years ago; first Europeans were British convicts sent there as a penal colony (Freq. 3)• Syn: ↑Commonwealth of Australia• Derivationally related forms: ↑Australian• Members of this Region:↑bonzer, ↑sealed, ↑walkabout, ↑boomerang, ↑throwing stick, ↑throw stick, ↑lagerphone, ↑swag, ↑tucker-bag, ↑Australian, ↑Aboriginal Australian, ↑plonk, ↑billabong, ↑pommy, ↑pom, ↑mate, ↑perisher, ↑returning officer, ↑sundowner, ↑swagman, ↑swagger, ↑swaggie, ↑Murdoch, ↑Rupert Murdoch, ↑Keith Rupert Murdoch, ↑yellow spot fungus, ↑Cercospora kopkei, ↑gilgai soil• Part Meronyms:↑Canberra, ↑Australian capital, ↑capital of Australia, ↑Australian state, ↑Queensland, ↑New South Wales, ↑Victoria, ↑Tasmania, ↑South Australia, ↑Western Australia, ↑Northern Territory, ↑Norfolk Island, ↑Nullarbor Plain, ↑Gibson Desert, ↑Great Sandy Desert, ↑Great Victoria Desert, ↑Simpson Desert, ↑Australian Alps, ↑Cape York, ↑Cape York Peninsula, ↑Eyre, ↑Lake Eyre, ↑Eyre Peninsula, ↑Great Australian Bight, ↑Great Barrier Reef, ↑Great Dividing Range, ↑Eastern Highlands, ↑Gulf of Carpentaria, ↑Carpentaria, ↑Murray, ↑Murray River, ↑Murrumbidgee, ↑Murrumbidgee River, ↑Namoi, ↑Namoi River2. the smallest continent; between the South Pacific and the Indian Ocean• Instance Hypernyms: ↑continent• Part Meronyms:↑Commonwealth of Australia, ↑Tasmania, ↑Australian Desert, ↑Great Australian Desert, ↑Australian Alps, ↑Cape York, ↑Cape York Peninsula, ↑Darling, ↑Darling River, ↑Eyre, ↑Lake Eyre, ↑Eyre Peninsula, ↑Great Australian Bight, ↑Great Barrier Reef, ↑Great Dividing Range, ↑Eastern Highlands, ↑Moreton Bay, ↑Murray, ↑Murray River, ↑Murrumbidgee, ↑Murrumbidgee River
* * *Australia [Australia]a large island country and continent in the south-west Pacific Ocean. Its capital city is Canberra and its official language is English. The first inhabitants of Australia were the Aborigines, who now form only about 1.5% of the population. In 1770 the country was visited by Captain James Cook, and in the 18th and 19th centuries it was used by the British as a place to send criminals. Many of Australia’s present inhabitants are descended from British people. It is now independent from Britain, although it remains a member of the Commonwealth. Most of the population live on or near the coast in the east and south of the country, and there are large areas in the west, north and centre of the country that have very few inhabitants. The climate is generally warm. Australian culture is popular in Britain. A number of Australian programmes, including ↑soap operas such as ↑Neighbours, appear regularly on British television. A popular informal name for Australia is ‘Down Under’.See also ↑Botany Bay
Useful english dictionary. 2012.